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Salvin's curassow

Mitu salvini

Photo by Thierry Garcia (Reserva Biológica del Rio Bigal)

Common name:
Salvin’s curassow (en); mutum-de-ventre-branco (pt); hocco de Salvin (fr); paujil culiblanco (es); Salvinhokko (de)

Order Galliformes
Family Cracidae

This species is found in the lowlands of southern Colombia and northern Ecuador, east of the Andes.

These birds are 75-89 cm long and weigh about 3 kg.

The Salvin’s curassow is found in terra firme primary rainforests, avoiding flooded areas. They are present from seal level up to an altitude of 600 m.

They feed mainly on fallen fruits, also taking seeds and, to a lesser extent, leaves and insects.

Salvin’s curassows are monogamous and the nest is made of leaves and placed at moderate height on a tree branch or vine. The female lays 2 eggs, which are incubated for 4-5 weeks.
The chicks leave the nest soon after hatching, but are fed by both parents until they learn to pick food from the ground. Each pair can raise 4 broods per year.

IUCN status – LC (Least Concern)
This species has a large breeding range and the global population is estimated at 50.000 individuals. The Salvin’s curassow suffers from heavy hunting pressure, mainly for local food consumption, and a model of Amazonian deforestation predicts the species will lose about 11% of suitable habitats in the next 3 decades. Both suggest the species may suffer a small decline in the near future.

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