Scarlet macaw

Scarlet macaw
Ara macao
Photo by Fabián Avellán (Raxa Collective)

Commom name:
scarlet macaw (en); araracanga (pt); ara rouge (fr)guacamaya roja (es)arakanga (de)

Order Passeriformes
Family Psittacidae

This species is found from southern Mexico to Peru, Bolivia and western Brazil.

The scarlet macaw is 80-96 cm long and has a wingspan of 110-120 cm. They weigh 900-1.500 g.

They are mostly found in lowland rainforest, mangroves and in dry savannas along rivers. They are mostly present from sea level up to an altitude of 900 m.

These birds eat a wide range of fruits, seeds, nuts, flowers, nectar, bark and leaves.

Scarlet macaws breed in October-May. They nest in large tree cavities, about 20 m above the ground. The female lays 1-4 white eggs, which she incubates alone for 22-28 days. The chicks are fed by both parents and fledge 12-15 weeks after hatching, but often remain with the parents until the next breeding season.

IUCN status – LC (Least concern)
This species has a very large breeding range and a global population estimated at 20.000-50.000 individuals. The population is suspected to be in decline as a result of habitat loss, hunting for food and feathers, and capture for the pet trade, but the species is not considered threatened at present.

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