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Yellow-billed grosbeak

Eophona migratoria
Photo by Tim Edelsten (Birds Korea)

Common name:
yellow-billed grosbeak (en); bico-grossudo-chinês (pt); gros-bec migrateur (fr); pepitero de cola negra (es); weißhand-Kernbeißer (de)

Order Passeriformes
Family Fringillidae

These birds breed in south-eastern Russia, Korea, Mongolia and eastern China, and migrate south to winter in southern China and Taiwan, in Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam and Thailand.

The yellow-billed grosbeak is 16-18 cm long and weighs 40-50 g.

They are mostly found in temperate forests, both coniferous, deciduous and mixed. They can also be found in bamboo thickets, scrublands, plantations, gardens and parks.

They mostly eat seeds of various trees and scrubs, but are also known to eat bamboo leaves and the chicks are mostly fed insects during the nestling period.

Yellow-billed grosbeaks breed in May-October. The nest cup is made of twigs and roots and placed in a fork in a tree or scrub. There the female lays 3-5 bluish eggs with brown markings, which she incubates alone for 11-13 days. The chicks fledge 10-14 days after hatching, but only become fully independent 2-3 weeks later. 

IUCN status – LC (Least concern)
This species has a large breeding range and is described as locally common, scarce or irregular. The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

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