Straight-billed earthcreeper

Straight-billed earthcreeper
Ochetorhynchus ruficaudus

Photo by Glenn Seeholzer (Flickr)

Common name:
straight-billed earthcreeper (en); andarilho-de-bico-direito (pt); upucerthie à bec droit (fr); bandurrita de pico recto (es); geradschnabel-erdhacker (de)

Order Passeriformes
Family Furnariidae

This species is found along the eastern slopes of the Andes, from southern Peru and Bolivia to eastern Chile and western Argentina as far south as Comodoro Rivadavia.

These birds are 16-19 cm long and weigh 28-41 g.

The straight-billed earthcreeper is found in rocky slopes and ravines, and dry mountain scrublands, at altitudes of 1.300-4.300 m.

They forage on the ground and among rock crevices, taking various insects including larvae and eggs.

Straight-billed earthcreepers breed in December-March. they are mostly monogamous and can mate for life. They nest in natural cavities at the end of a short tunnel, in a bank or rocky crevice. the nest chamber is lined with grasses, hairs and feathers. The female lays 2 whitish eggs which are incubated by both parents for 15 days. The chicks are fed by both parents and fledge 2 weeks after hatching.

IUCN status – LC (Least Concern)
This species has a very large breeding range and is described as fairly common. The population seems to be fairly stable, although some declines are suspected due to ongoing habitats degradation through overgrazing.

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